Sounds from the Arizona Fireball

Last Tuesday’s fireball over southern Arizona was accompanied by many reports of sounds. These sounds ranged from bangs and rumbles to a crackling sound. The map below is an updated version of one posted last week. Though the path of the fireball has not changed and is still considered uncertain, many sounds reports have been added.

The majority of sound reports are of the distant thunder, low rumble variety. These sounds were heard 1-3 minutes after the fireball was seen and were strong enough to rattle houses in some cases. Some observers likened it to a sonic boom. In fact, that is exactly what they heard, a series of sonic booms. As the fireball descended through Earth’s atmosphere, its broke into numerous pieces. As these pieces decelerated from supersonic to subsonic speeds, they created a sonic boom. There could easily have been dozens to hundreds of small sonic booms though they probably all merged into one.

It is interesting that the sonic boom reports (circles with a heartbeat symbol on the map below) are mainly located to the north and west of the fireball’s path.  Except for reports from the Sierra Vista area immediately to the east of the path, there are no other reports from the East (Benson, Bisbee, Tombstone, Douglas, Willcox, etc.). It is unknown if this is due to something intrinsic to the fireball or just a population density bias (fewer people living out there, hence fewer eyewitnesses reports).

Tucson_Fireball_sounds

Map of sounds heard from the June 23 fireball. Circles with a "heartbeat" pattern denote delayed sonic booms while purple triangles denote sounds heard at the same time the fireball was seen.

The purple triangles denote a different kind of sound phenomenon. These are sounds heard by the observer while the fireball was visible. Most sounds are created at the fireball and then take time to travel to the observer since the speed of sound is many times slower than the speed of light. Hearing sounds at the same time as seeing the fireball suggests that the sound traveled as fast as light. Well, not quite. The shock wave produced by a fireball is so hot that it radiates across most of the EM spectrum. Sometimes structures near an observer (houses, trees, etc) act as antenna and pick up these waves and vibrate. As a result, a buzzing or crackling sound can be heard at the same time as the fireball is seen.

More info on the so. AZ fireball

Here are a few news items regarding Tuesday’s fireball.

A  story from The Herald of Sierra Vista where the fireball passed nearly overhead.

The MMT sky cam caught the first few seconds of the fireball which was used to estimate the trajectory of the fireball. The folks at the MMT (Multiple Mirror Telescope) posted a movie and some more images on their blog. The images show the inside of the MMT dome a minute before the fireball and during the fireball when the dome was illuminated by it. Also they posted a movie made from the sky cam. The movie spans a few minutes centered on the time of the fireball which is only visible on 2 frames.

From KOLD, Tucson’s local CBS affiliate, a video of the fireball taken by a security camera in Marana (just north of Tucson). The video shows what appears to be 2 fainter pieces below and to the right of the main fireball. I believe those 2 fainter objects are just reflections caused by the optics of the camera and are not actually real. What is real is the main fireball appearing in 3 or more pieces right before it faded from view. [Note, if anyone else has picture or videos of the fireball, or even just of the ground being lit up by the fireball, we'd like to see them. This is not just for their cool factor, but they are also very useful for mapping where this fireball originally came from and where it finally came down.]

Comparing the so. AZ fireball to the 1992 Peekskill fireball

For those who didn’t see the fireball or want to (sort of) relive it, here is a video of a similar event. Note, this is NOT a video of last Tuesday’s fireball but a video of the Peekskill meteorite fall from October 9, 1992.

That fireball was observed up and down the east coast and was one of the best documented fireballs in history. The reason, it was a Friday evening during High School football season and there were lots of folks with camcorders taping games. Eventually the small meteorite that remained landed in the trunk of a car in Peekskill, NY. For more on that fireball and what we learned see this nice summary.

The so. AZ fireball looked very similar to the Peekskill one. The colors are a close match with the head of the main fireball and pieces a brilliant blue-green while the long tails appeared reddish. Both fireballs also produced many fragments which broke off the main body and quickly fell behind.

Based on my own recollection, Tuesday’s fireball didn’t last as long as Peekskill or move as far across the sky but it had many more fragments.

So for those who missed it, here’s what a similar event looked like. And for those who saw it, I hope it brings back some good memories.

Update on the so. Arizona fireball – June 23

Reports continue to come in from all over southern and central Arizona of Tuesday evening’s fireball. The most interesting reports involve a series of loud sonic booms heard from Tucson southward. Most of the sonic boom reports are from the Sierra Vista to Green Valley area.

I would like to thanks everyone who has submitted reports. It is greatly appreciated and will help us understand this event better. Also remember to file a report with the American Meteor Society at http://www.amsmeteors.org/fireball/report.html .

I was hoping to find more video of the fireball especially from amateur all-sky fireball cameras. There are 3 such cameras in the area but all were down for maintenance and testing during the time. And yes that is partially my fault. Oh, well, next time… An additional camera near El Paso would have seen it but was clouded out.

Luckily, there is an all-sky camera that runs all day and night on Mount Hopkins, where the 6.5-m MMT telescope resides. This camera is used by the astronomers to check sky conditions during their observing runs. It is usually used to watch for clouds and fog. But it is also great at picking up other things such as meteors and satellites. [Note: all of the movies taken by this camera are archived on line and can be seen by the public at http://skycam.mmto.arizona.edu/ .

The camera takes a series of ~10 second exposures. Tuesday’s fireball was picked up on 2 consecutive images. The 1st image below shows the early stages of the fireball. At this point the fireball is bright but probably not much brighter than Venus. Note the time is 9:21 pm.

MMT_fireball1

Single frame from MMT skycam. Thanks to Tim Pickering for giving permission to post this image and Rich Kowalski for making the snapshot.

The 2nd frame is completely washed out. During the 2nd half of the fireball’s flight, its brightness rivaled the Full Moon. This easily overwhelmed the camera since its len iris was wide open for night-time observing.

MMT_fireball2

Single frame from MMT skycam. Thanks to Tim Pickering for giving permission to post this image and Rich Kowalski for making the snapshot.

The single MMT sky cam image does provide some great information on where the fireball came from and its path. Combing this image with my own naked eye observations, I was able to map out a preliminary path over southern Arizona. The map below (made with Google Earth) combines the MMT sky cam observations of the 1st few seconds of the fireball with my observations of the last few seconds.

Note: This is my first time doing this so the path could be completely wrong. For all of you meteorite hunters out there, don’t completely trust this path. Then again, if it helps you find some pieces, I want one. :)

The first detection (by the sky cam) occurs over the border to the east of Nogales at an altitude of 70-80 km. The sky cam is limited to bright objects, so naked eye observers may have been able to see it even earlier. My last observation occurs between Benson and Huachuca City at an altitude of ~20-30 km. The “heartbeat” symbols are reports of sonic booms. These reports cluster nicely near the middle to end of the path when the fireball was breaking up and should have produced sonic booms.

Tucson_traj_Jun23

Possible path of the June 23 fireball over so. Arizona. "Heartbeat" symbols denote sonic boom reports. Made with Google Earth.

So what was this? It was most likely a small asteroid hitting the atmosphere at ~20 km per seconds (12 miles per second). Originally the asteroid was probably not much bigger than a basketball. Again by combining the data from above, the fireball originated from the direction of the constellation of Corvus (that would be its radiant). There is a very poorly observed meteor shower called the Corvids that may be active right now. It is possible that this fireball is a member of this shower but it is more likely that it was just a Sporadic (meaning it was not associated with any shower).

So the fireball was caused by a small lonely asteroid that just happened to be at the wrong place at the wrong time. Or the right place and time for those lucky enough to have seen it.

Southern Arizona Fireball – June 23

Earlier this evening, I was outside in my driveway trying to find Comet Garradd with my 10×50 binoculars. Suddenly I was distracted by a flickering light out of the corner of my eye. At first I thought it was the neighbor’s light. In fact, it was probably the most beautiful fireball I’ve ever seen (or at least have seen in 10+ years).

From my home in central Tucson, the fireball was located to the southeast and traveled further to the east and slightly downward. It was a brilliant blue-green and was trailed by dozens of smaller fragments. Though the head, or front, of each fragment was blue-green, the end of the trails were more purplish or reddish (I’m not completely sure). The whole event lasted for greater than ~2 seconds (it could easily have been longer since I didn’t notice it right away).

I estimated that the fireball was a little fainter than the Full Moon (maybe magnitude -11). It was obvious that it was bright enough to cast shadows. One report I received (from Rick) mentioned a rumble heard a minute or so after the event. This is most likely due to a series of sonic booms created as small pieces of the original asteroid slow down and start to travel sub-sonically. The fact that the sound took a minute or more to reach Rick gives you an idea of how far away the explosion was (over 10 miles).

Unfortunately my meteor cameras don’t cover the whole sky, and due to some trees, don’t point to the south so nothing was seen. Plus (embarrassingly) I hadn’t turned them on yet. I do know of an all-sky camera that might have been up and running. If so, I’ll try to post the video.

I wasn’t the only one who saw it and reports have come in from Phoenix and Tucson. The following comments have already been posted to this blog.

From Anna: “I saw something fall form the sky tonight that looked almost the size of a grapefruit, on fire and falling. It had a blue light with yellow behind it. t looked so big that it seemed like it landed only a few miles away. I have been watching the news, but nothing. It just scared me a little! I am in Phoenix.”

From Loretta: “I saw a giant meteor june 23 about 915 or 920. It was in the southern sky and went from west to east.”

From Teryn: “I saw that too south of Tucson. It lit the ground up like the sun.”

From Ed: “We were on our back patio in Green Valley and watched as it flashed across the sky. At first we thought it was a firework, as we had not seen one that appeared this close ever.”

From Rick: “Also, there was a low rumble about 1 minute or so after seeing the flash, in south Tucson… impact or shockwaves? The “rumble” was heard coming from the east, right on the reported trajectory.”

From CJS: “Was driving south in Queen Creek and saw it off to the southwest. Looked so close and was such a vivid green with gold sparks behind it, also wondered if it was a firework. But it moved like a meteor, so decided to check the internet after getting home to confirm what it was. What a wonderful sight. Had never seen one that close or that colorful before.”

From Julie: “I was sitting in my yard talking to a friend on the phone. My whole yard lit up like a spot light was on it. I turned around and looked up and saw the bright trail of green blue and kinda silver. .very vivid zoom through the sky. It moved like a shooting star. I was thrilled by it. It lasted about 10 seconds and then just went out.”

From Shannon: “I was driving south on La Canada when I saw it come in from the southern sky, diagonally down towards the mountains. It . . . was . . . incredible! I lost my breath. In fact, I’m embarrassed to say, I was on my cell phone at the time and stopped talking mid-sentence. I lost my breath and had to pull over. I started crying it was so beautiful! It was huge and you could definitely see tons of fragments breaking off the back, blue and yellow flames, and a red glow around the head rock. It seemed to be right above tree line when it extinguished/burned up, but from the size in the sky it looked for sure like it was going to hit somewhere. I saw the entire thing. The event seemed to last for like 5 seconds, but I know it just seemed that long because I was caught up in the moment. It was closer to earth than fireworks and much more beautiful. I feel extremely lucky to have seen it :)

From Frank: “I was sitting outside in Patagonia, AZ, USA facing south under a covered patio. I do not know exact time somewhere between 9 &10 pm. A bright greenish bkue flash lit the sky enough to cause shadows. I figures it might have been a fireball but unfortunately did not witness it directly. Several minutes later a loud sonic boom hit. Searching internet confirms that it was a fireball. WOW! I am envious of those who saw it directly.”

From RacerX: “I was driving east on River near Swan and saw the entire sky light up this bright blue color. I asked my son if he saw something and he told me that a bright blue fireball was coming down from the southwest. I looked over just in time to see the sparkling remnants of the debris. It was my sons first meteor sighting, special indeed.”

From Amanda: “I was standing joking around with some friends and then the ground got brighter and we looked up and saw it, it was so beautiful. I thought it was a firework for a second but hell no lol!!!! We heard it hit about 3 minutes later, it was loud. I feel really lucky to have witnessed that. :)

From Ben: “I was driving home from phoenix heading south on I-10 a few miles from Picacho Peak at approximately 9:30pm when the night sky turned slowly from an olive green to a brightness as the meteor slashed across and down breaking up in a brilliant white sparkling fireball! My wife saw more of it as she was sitting back in the passenger side. I thought it may have been a trick of my eyes the the sky glowed green until I read the comments this morning. Incredible. I considered it to possibly have prices landing either in tucson or maybe Mexico as I am unsure of how close it actually was. A spectacular show, may be a once in a lifetime to have seen this. We heard no ‘booms’ as we were driving. Breathtaking and exciting!”

From Nancy: “I was driving when I saw it and did a doubletake — thought it was a helicopter with a searchlight at first, and then looked again and it was sparking and moving so quickly, and clearly was not an aircraft. I was headed due south at the time, and it seemed to come in from the southwest, heading east, but still definitely south of my position in Gilbert (Phoenix’s east valley).

It was an absolutely incredible thing to see! I have always lived near metro areas — meaning a lot of smog — so have not witnessed anything too amazing in the night sky before. Have watched some predicted meteor showers (Perseids), but in comparison, this was 100 times bigger and brighter. If you were outside and oriented even remotely in the right direction, you couldn’t have missed it.

Fantastic!”

From Michael: “We were playing a softball game last night in Mesa, Arizona. Just as I released a pitch, we saw this huge fireball in the southern sky. It was the largest I have ever seen. It distracted our players big time and the batter ended up with an “in-the park” home run. Oh well…. also, we didn’t hear any sound but lots of noise in the park. Very cool.”

From Amadon: “A group of 12 of us were gathered around a bonfire at Avalon Organic Gardens Farm and Ranch (Tumacacori, AZ) last night laying and looking at the stars. We all saw the meteor as described above and all heard the loud boom/rumble a minute or so afterward. Very exciting, easily the biggest meteor I have ever seen. Truly awesome! We all jumped up and ran around and got excited, just when we were chillin back down, we heard the BOOM! We thought that it either hit the earth, or struck the atmosphere and created some type of sonic boom. Another 6 different people on our ranch saw it as well!”

If you saw it as well, please comment to this post. Also if it isn’t too much trouble, please submit a formal report to the American Meteor Society’s fireball page at http://www.amsmeteors.org/fireball/report.html. I already submitted mine.

I’ll try to add more info tomorrow.

2 Bright and Loud East Coast Fireballs

The past 10 days have seen 2 extremely bright fireballs over the East Coast of the US. Both fireballs also were accompanied by loud sonic booms.

The latest meteor occurred on Sunday night, March 29, at ~9:50 EDT. Observed from Pennsylvania to North Carolina, the fireball seems to have ended over the Norfolk/Virginia Beach area of southeast Virginia. A loud noise similar to an aircraft sonic boom or distant thunder was heard and felt ~2 minutes after the fireball last disrupted.

This event has been widely reported in the press. A Space.com article on the fireball can be found at Yahoo news. For a local take on the fireball see this story at WAVY-TV 10.

According to many press stories, the Naval Observatory is reporting that the fireball was caused by the reentry of part of a Russian Soyuz rocket booster. Last Thursday this rocket launched 1 American astronaut, 1 Russian Cosmonaut and an American paid passenger to the International Space Station. Reports from the Joint Space Operations Center at Vandenberg AFB and the US Strategic Command both state that the fireball was not caused by the Soyuz booster and was most likely due to a small asteroid (see here and here).

Below is a map showing the location of some of the fireball reports. Yellow circles denote fireball sightings but no sound. Red circles are locations that heard sonic booms or concurrent noises. It is obvious from the maps that the fireball detonated over southeast Virginia.

mar29_va_fireball1

Little over a week earlier on March 20 at ~2:30-3:00 am EDT, another bright and loud fireball was seen and heard. As the map below shows, the fireball was seen over a 4 state area from Virginia to Georgia. Similar to the map above, red circles show were the fireball was heard. The concentration of sound reports in the Augusta area on the border of Georgia and South Carolina pinpoints where this fireball detonated.

mar20_sc_ga_fireball

[NOTE: This paragraph has been edited since it was originally posted.] There are 2 different ways a fireball can produce sound. The sound heard over southeast Virginia and the GA/SC border was a sonic boom caused by the fireball’s shock wave. This shock wave is the natural result of a fast moving solid object moving through the atmosphere. Since this usually occurs at a height of 20 or more miles it can take the sound a few minutes to travel to the observer. This is why the sound was heard ~2 minutes after the fireball was no longer visible.

The second way fireballs create sound is via EMF radiation. In this case, the high temperature fireball produces radiation at all wavelengths. Sometimes objects such as a metal frame or even a tree can convert the EMF waves into audible sounds. Since the EMF waves travel at the speed of light, these sounds can be heard at the exact same time the fireball is visible. It is possible these EMF sounds were heard by the March 20th fireball observer in Traxton, Virginia.

2008 TC3 – Sudanese Fireball Meteorite Recovered

Last year on October 6, a tiny asteroid was discovered in space. Unlike all of the asteroids discovered before this one, this asteroid (named 2008 TC3) was on a collision course with Earth. Only 20 hours after discovery, the 2-meter in diameter asteroid entered the Earth’s atmosphere over northern Sudan in Africa.

The New Scientist magazine reports that researchers from the University of Khartoum (in Sudan) and NASA have found meteorites from the impact of 2008 TC3. This marks not only the first time that an object was observed in space before impacting the Earth or its atmosphere, but also the first time an object was studied in space as an asteroid and on the ground as a meteorite.

The New Scientist report can be found here.

A PDF presentation by Lindley Johnson, head of NASA’s Near-Earth Object Observation program, can be found here. This presentation also includes photos of one of the meteorite. It is also a nice summary of the current state of the surveys which search for Near-Earth asteroids and comets.

Past Transient Sky posts include:

Incoming Fireball Over Sudan!!! – 2008 TC3“, “More on the Sudanese Fireball – 2008 TC3“, “Report on the Impact of 2008 TC3

Meteorites Fround From Last Friday’s Texan Daylight Fireball

For an earlier post on this fireball/meteorite see: “Feb 15 Texas Daylight Fireball

Thanks to eyewitness reports, a few great videos and some amazing weather radar images, two groups of meteorite researchers and collectors have been able to find multiple meteorites from last Friday’s daylight fireball over Texas. So far the meteorites have been found in an area near the small towns of West and Denton, Texas about 50 miles south of Dallas/Fort Worth.

Thanks to Eman for posting this update to the comment section.

“I want to confirm that several meteorites have now been recovered from this event in the vicinity of Denton, TX and the Central Texas Town of “West. TX”. Initial estimates are a strewn field a mile wide and 6-7 miles long. No major masses have been reported thus far. 20-40 stones so far, most are egg and thumbnail sized.”

The meteorites have been found by two groups. One group is being led by Ron DiIulio, director of the planetarium and astronomy lab program at the University of North Texas, and Preston Starr, the observatory manager at UNT. Local news stories describing their finds can be seen here and here.

Some of the meteorites found by the UNT team will be on display at the UNT Elm Fork Education Center on March 7. This exhibit is part of their Family Fun Science Event. There is an admission charge of $8 per child though two adults are allowed to enter for free with each child. More on this event can be found here.

The second group of meteorite finders is led by Michael Farmer, a Tucson-based meteorite collector and dealer. There is a nice video of Michael and his team discussing the hunt for this and other meteorites. According to Michael there are many other groups scouring the ground for meteorites and that number will probably only increase.

The large number of meteorites being found does not mean multiple meteoroids or small asteroids produced the fireball. The meteorites are caused by a single asteroid which broke into many pieces as it experienced the intense pressure and heat of passage through the Earth’s atmosphere at many miles per second. It is very possible that there are hundreds to thousands of small meteorites spread over an area on the order of ~100 square miles. Meteorites are named after the closest geographic feature to where they are found. It will be interesting to see what this meteorite will be called.

Feb 15 Texas Daylight Fireball

A follow-on post with additional information about meteorites produced by this fireball can be found at: “Meteorites Found From Last Friday’s Texan Daylight Fireball“.

A rare daytime fireball was seen streaking through the sky over Texas around ~11:00 am CST on Sunday, February 15. The fireball was captured by a News 8 Austin news crew who were covering a marathon. The video can be seen here. A video with poorer quality can be found on Youtube.

Amy from Denton, TX sent in a report to this blog.

This morning around 11am while driving south into Denton, TX I saw a large flame moving very quickly across the sky at a downward slope. No smoke, no obvious chemical trail, and then it disappeared. I haven’t been able to find any reports on the news.

There has been lots of speculation about what caused this fireball. Early reports from the news media and some government agencies explained the fireball as a result of the recent collision between 2 satellites, Cosmos-2251 and Iridium-33. Though it is possible that the fireball was caused by a piece of a re-entering satellite or rocket it was not a product of the recent satellite collision. Those pieces will remain in orbit for many years, with some estimates saying a thousand years.

According to Spaceweather.com, Bill Cooke of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office believes the fireball was created by a small asteroid about 1 meter in diameter moving at ~20 km/s.

Could the minor Delta Leonid meteor shower be the cause of the recent batch of fireballs? Roberto Haver submitted a report to the meteorobs mailing list of multiple fireballs detected by an all-sky camera over Italy. The 6-7 fireballs all appear to share a common radiant near the opposition or antihelion part of the sky (directly opposite the Sun). This is near the currently active Delta Leonid radiant which may have produced significant fireball activity during the Middle Ages (AD 1043-1073). One of the recent Italian fireballs was estimated to be a very bright magnitude -16 to -17. That’s much brighter than the Full Moon though still much fainter than the Sun. An image of this fireball can be seen here.

Feb 13th Kentucky Fireball

[Latest Update: 2009 Feb 17 5:00pm MST]

Reports have been coming in about a large bright fireball centered over Kentucky. Additional sightings have been made in Ohio, West Virginia and Tennessee. Interestingly, a sighting of a fireball was made in Ontario, Canada at nearly the same time. This sighting is probably too far away to be the same object and was probably of a different but still spectacular fireball.

Please submit any additional sightings to this blog. If you want to submit an official report send it to the Fireball Report Page of the American Meteor Society at http://www.amsmeteors.org/fireball/report.html

kentucky_fireball_200902142

Map of reported sightings of the Feb 13 Kentucky fireball. Reports from this blog, Spaceweather.com and the American Meteor Society. Map created with Google Earth.

The fireball was seen some time between 9:50 and 10:15 pm on the evening of Feb 13. It has been described as being blue, green, orange and white. It is easily possible that the fireball changed color as it flew through the upper atmosphere. Many people in Kentucky reported a sonic boom that shook homes. The sound was created by the small asteroid or satellite that created the fireball as it traveled through the atmosphere. At that time the fireball was probably located 20-50 miles up.

Some sources are stating that this fireball was likely caused by debris from 2 satellites that collided a few days ago. This includes an official statement from the Federal Aviation Administration via the Jackson, Kentucky office of the National Weather Service. This is unlikely. Though the satellite collision did create hundreds of pieces, these pieces are still located in orbit 450-480 miles (750-800 kilometers) up. It will take many years (some estimates say thousands of years) for these pieces to decay (fall) into the atmosphere.

Regular readers of this blog will notice that bright fireballs happen quite often. An exploding satellite is not needed to explain the number of recent fireball sightings. Unfortunately, every meteor and fireball seen for the next few weeks will probably be blamed as part of the Cosmos-2251 and Iridium-33 collision.

A great report of the fireball was sent in by Jim Storm, an amateur astronomer and ex-President of the Astronomical Association of Southern Illinois:

I witnessed a fireball over Ky on Friday, Feb. 12th, at approximately 9 pm, CST. My wife and I were driving into Owensboro, KY, heading east, when the meteor fell. It literally appeared to drop out of the sky from about 45 degrees, and appeared to burn out at about 15 degrees. It was falling fairly straight, and pretty quick. The whole event lasted around 2 seconds. I did note persistent training. Owensboro is about 200 miles west of London, but due to the time, it was probably the same meteor. I have seen incoming satellite debris, and this fireball was moving much faster, more like a typical meteor. It was a bright, blue-green, and, even though we observed it through a windshield and the light pollution of a fairly large city, I would estimate it’s magnitude at least -6 or -7.

Some other comments submitted to this blog about Friday night’s fireball display.

From R. Farmer in Lenoir City, KY:

I live in Lenoir City Tennessee. My mother in law called me and said that she saw an orange ball falling from the sky. She said it looked like a ball of fire. What do you think? fireball? meteor? We are located in east Tennessee. It happened on 2-13-09 at about 10:15pm.

From C. Zierden in Loveland, Ohio:

I live in Loveland ,Ohio and saw the biggest blue, green object fall last night approx. 10:00pm 2-13-09 . The color was different from any falling star I had ever seen. It was larger than any I had seen before. my family all think I’m seeing things, I was so sure of what I had seen I was wanting to run across to the next street to see if anyone else had seen it. We are located southwest Ohio, outside of Cincinnati.

From Joel in Peebles, Ohio:

Feb 13 about 10 pm or so I saw a fireball in the southeastern sky over Peebles, Ohio. Saw it for about 3 seconds and it was bright orange and super close and fast then it disappeared for a second the reappeared and was lime green colored with a long tail till it disappeared.

From Nikki and Angie in Ashland, KY:

We were in Ashland, KY Feb 13, about 10:00 pm we were headed west, in the sky we saw a “fireball” that was green and glowing moving very fast across the sky. It looked like a shooting star, however, it was very large with a long glowing tail. It was brighter & lasted longer than any shooting star that I have ever seen. It almost looked like an aircraft crashing, but it faded while still high in the sky. It was very similar to what Joel describes.

From Lisa in Huntington, WV:

My husband and I both saw this “fireball” We saw it around 10 as well and we are not far from you in Huntington, WV. This was not a planet as far as I can tell from what I have been reading. I wonder if it was part of one of the satellites that had collided and was burning through our atmosphere. Any ideas from anyone else. It was beautiful, colorful and HUGE.

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